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Cranio­mandibular dys­function (CMD)

There can be many reasons for craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD). We get to the bottom of the complaints and offer therapy measures such as grinding and sports splints.

Craniomandibular dysfunction: At a glance

Symptoms

Symptoms include tense jaw muscles, clicking in the jaw joint, but also toothache, headache or backache.

Cause

The causes of CMD can lie both inside and outside the oral cavity. Treatment is therefore often interdisciplinary.

Treatment

Possible treatments for CMD include, for example, occlusal splints, orthodontic correction, physiotherapy or medication.

Risk factors

Misaligned teeth and jaws can lead to CMD, as can teeth grinding and regular, psychological stress.

Bite splint

A dental splint is often one of the most important therapeutic measures for CMD. It prevents grinding and distributes the pressure evenly.

Relieve stress

If your CMD is caused by stress, relaxation exercises and regular sport, for example, support the healing process.

What else you need to know

Sports splints increase performance

High-performance sports trays (SPT trays) can have a positive effect on performance in sports. By biting on them, nerve points in the masticatory system stimulate the head, neck and back muscles - and thus promote neuronal activity and coordination of the musculoskeletal system.

The right diet is important

Nutrition can eliminate or stop inflammatory processes, increase performance and improve the body and its defences. We will be happy to advise you.

Craniomandibular dysfunction: FAQ

As craniomandibular dysfunction can have many causes, there are many possible symptoms. Common signs of CMD include:

  • Teeth grinding, especially at night or during stress
  • Cracks in the teeth
  • Misalignment of the jaw
  • Tense jaw muscles
  • Pain in the back, head or face
  • Cracking in the jaw joint

If you suffer from more than one of these symptoms, we recommend that you come to the consultation to be examined for CMD.

Yes, stress is even a fairly common cause of TMJ disorders. The body unconsciously tries to process psychosomatic stress by clenching and grinding the teeth. This often happens while sleeping. In this case, a grinding splint is often necessary to prevent the teeth from wearing down and to relieve the jaw muscles.

CMD often develops insidiously over a long period of time and is not recognised and treated at an early stage. Therefore, the healing process also takes time. If the causes have been identified and the therapy measures are effective, the first improvement can become noticeable quite soon.

Sports splints are bite splints for the teeth, just like grinding splints. They can help athletes perform better – because they prevent the teeth from clenching under stress, distribute the pressure on the jaw joint better and thus reduce the production of the stress hormone cortisol, for example.

In addition, sports splints protect against the wear and tear of teeth in physical stress situations – for example, during intensive sports. Nocturnal grinding can also interfere with the ability to regenerate and perform.

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